A client recently told me that she wants her writing to be more fluid. I want to share with you the advice I gave here: add more transitional phrases.
I learned this concept, and had a lot of practice using it, when I went back to school to finish my bachelor’s degree. All of my English literature professors drilled this into my head and points were taken off my papers (everyone’s papers) if they weren’t used properly – and with good reason. Transitional phrases really do make a difference in the readability of a text.
Without transitional phrases, paragraphs and sentences can sound choppy and rough. Transitional phrases bring the fluidity and smoothness needed for well-written copy. In word, transitional phrases do what you would expect: they transition on thought into another.
When are transitional phrases used?
Transitional phrases are used between paragraphs, between sentences and even within sentences. I will give an example of them between paragraphs later; in the meantime, here are a couple of examples of transitions between and within sentences:
1. See the sentence above where it says, “in the meantime?” That is an example of a transitional phrase within a sentence. 🙂
2. “I need to go to the office supply store. However, I must finish editing the grant proposal first.”
In this example, however is used to make the transition between the two sentences. Otherwise, they would be written like this: I need to go to the office supply store. I must finish editing the grant proposal first. Do you see how choppy the two sentences sound without the however?
List of transitional phrases
therefore, however, moreover, in the meantime, then, furthermore, next, on the other hand, although, for instance, consequentially, in conclusion, and surprisingly
How to Interject Transitional Phrases into Your Writing
As a writer, you probably know that writing and editing are separate entities of the writing process. However, if you are anything like me, you probably intertwine those entities more often than you should. 😉 Still, I recommend that you wait until the editing part of the process before adding transitional phrases, unless they come naturally as you write. At least do it in the beginning, as you start to include the phrases into your writing, wait until the editing phase to include them.
So, during the editing phase, if you are editing the piece yourself, read the text out loud. If you read something that seems choppy or abrupt, add a transitional phrase and see if it make the text more smooth or easier to read.
In conclusion, adding this simple technique is a quick way to improve your writing. Very quickly, you will see a big difference in how clear and readable your documents will be just by adding these simple phrases.
Example of a paragraph transition from one of my former English classes:
“Another place where the setting shows the effect Richard’s presence has on Matt is on page 98. In talking about Richard’s life, the narrator states, “He came home and did construction work for his father but refused his father’s offer to learn the business; his two older brothers had learned it, so that Strout and Sons trucks going about town, and signs on construction sites, now slashed wounds into Matt Fowler’s life.” The words “slashed wounds” (98) give a powerful picture that shows how deeply Richard’s presence is affecting Matt.
During the course of the story, Matt has flashbacks that play an important part in showing Matt’s grief and need for closure. Matt remembers conversations that he had with Frank. He remembers the conversations he had with his wife about Frank. He remembers when Richard beat up Frank. He remembers being a “fearful father.” (100) These flashbacks are fodder for Matt’s grief, and so are the present images he has of Frank.”
In the first paragraph, “Another place...” is a transition from the paragraph before it. And, “During the course of the story,” is an example of a transition from the paragraph before it; however, it is not a typical or one you will find on the Purdue list. However, it still works as a transition because it acts, as it says on Purdue, as “a bridge” from the previous paragraph to the next.
Need help with adding transitional phrases? I am available for short proofreading projects. Go here to learn more and contact me.
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